Nepal Cultural and Natural Tours
NEPAL CULTURAL AND NATURAL SIGHTSEEING INFORMATION
Nepal is a destination of infinite charm and diversity. Within a single day, one can fly past Everest and its neighboring peaks, pause amidst the palaces and temples of Kathmandu, then descend through the terraces of the Middle Hills to the plains and ride elephants through tropical jungles, inhabited by several species of migratory and native birds and wild animals including the great Asian One-Horned Rhinoceros and the ever elusive Royal Bengal Tiger.
For the adventurous spirit, there could be no better place on earth than Nepal.
- Nepal is one of the world's most incredible countries; home to some 27 million people, their languages and customs as diverse as the terrains and climate itself.
- Nepal, the roof of the world, covers an area of 147,181 square kilometers and stretches 145 - 241 kilometers- North to South and 800 - 850 kilometers - West to East.
- Nepal is totally landlocked and precariously positioned between two Asian giants; China in the north and India to the east, west and south. At latitudes 26 and 30 degrees north and longitudes 80 and 88 degrees east, it is topographically divided into three regions: the Himalayas to the north, the hills consisting of Mahabharata range and Churia hills in the middle and the Terai plains to the south.
- Elevations are varied in the kingdom. The highest point is Mt. Everest at 8850meters and the lowest point is Jhapa district at 67meters.
- Altitude generally increases as one travels south to north.
- Nepal is 5 hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT and 15 minutes ahead of Indian Standard Time.
CULTURES OF NEPAL
- Nepal has a rich and the most diverse culture because of its unique location between the world’s two largest and ancient civilizations.
- Nepal is the Holy Land of Lord Pashupatinath and Gautama Buddha, where the Hindus and Buddhists have coexisted for centuries in total harmony. Lord Buddha, the ‘light of Asia’, was born in Lumbini in Nepal’s southern plains, which makes Nepal a scared pilgrimage destination for all Buddhists. The Temple of Pashupatinath is Nepal’s most scared Hindu shrine and one of the four most important sites in the world for Shiva worshippers.
- The three ancient cities of the Valley - Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur represent an epitome of harmony in urban design, elegant architecture and refined culture.
ADVENTURE ACTIVITIES IN NEPAL
Because of its geo-diversity, Nepal offers an astonishing variety of holiday activities and adventure opportunities found nowhere else. Adventure tourism in Nepal dates back to the early attempts to scale the world’s highest peaks.
While trekking, mountaineering and game watching have long been popular, an entire range of other possibilities has been explored in the recent years like hot-air ballooning, mountain flight excursions, whitewater rafting, canoeing, mountain-biking, motor-biking, fishing, rock climbing, paragliding, ultra-light aircraft flights, pony treks and bungee-jumping etc.
The varied landscapes offers some of the best sites for such exciting activities: raging rivers to run, mountains to scale, clear blue skies to glide through, beautiful lakes to swim in, fascinating villages to explore, unpolluted rivers to fish in or raft down and a wild terrain to travel through.
WORLD HERITAGE SITES [CULTURAL]
- Kathmandu Durbar Square.
- Patan Durbar Square.
- Bhaktapur Durbar Square.
- Swayambhunath Stupa.
- Boudhnath Stupa.
- Changunarayan Temple.
- Pashupatinath Temple.
- Lumbini Garden - Birth place of Lord Buddha.
WORLD HERITAGE SITES [NATURAL]
- Everest National Park (1,148 sq. kilometers)
- Chitwan National Park (932 sq. kilometers)
NEPAL NATIONAL PARKS
- Rara National Park (106 sq. kilometers)
- Bardiya National Park (968 sq. kilometers)
- Langtang National Park (1,710 sq. kilometers)
- Shey - Phoksundo National Park (3,555 sq. kilometers)
- Khaptad National Park (225 sq. kilometers)
- Makalu-Barun National Park & Conservation Area (2,330 sq. kilometers)
- Annapurna Conservation Area Project ACAP (2,600 square kilometers)
- Manaslu Conservation Area (1,663 square kilometers)
- Kanchenjunga Conservation Area (2,035 square kilometers)
- Parsa Reserve (499 square kilometers) • Koshi -Tappu Reserve (175 square kilometers)
- Shivapuri Watershed and Wildlife Reserve.
- Sukla Phanta Reserve (305 square kilometers)
- Dhorpatan (1325 square kilometers) Hunting Reserve, West Nepal.